He has inherited many Muppet roles from longtime performers Jerry Nelson, Steve Whitmire, and Caroll Spinney. He was notably cast as Kermit the Frog's new performer in 2017 and has been Big Bird's main performer since 2018, after many years of understudying for the character.
Vogel's first performance for the Jim Henson Company was in 1994 as an understudy for the Coca-Cola Polar Bear. On Sesame Street, he started out as a right-hand assistant for David Rudman (whose brother, Adam, was one of the staff writers for Oobi). Vogel eventually became Caroll Spinney's understudy for Big Bird. He is currently the puppet captain of Sesame Street and has been a director since 2009.
Vogel's earliest credits were almost always assisting or supporting roles. He was an ensemble puppeteer on Sesame Street, Big Bag, Between the Lions, and Play with Me Sesame before joining the cast of Oobi as Angus. Notably, Angus was the first named character role that Vogel originated. All of his previous work was as an assistant for another performer's puppet, or as an ensemble puppeteer for unnamed background characters.
In theater, Vogel was involved in The Foreigner and Six Degrees of Sparation. He also puppeteered Audrey II and various other puppets in the 2003-04 Broadway adaptation of Little Shop of Horrors. There, he worked alongside Oobi's prop and puppet designer Martin P. Robinson, who was also the puppet builder for both the film and stage versions of Horrors.
In July 2017, Matt Vogel was cast as the new performer of Kermit the Frog. In October 2018, he became the full-time performer of Big Bird after Caroll Spinney's retirement.